Trails To The Past

Economic Development

Cotton Manufacturing

Cotton manufacturing has long been an established industry in North Carolina.  Though generally prosperous, it advanced cautiously until within the last six or eight years, within which time it has been doubled.  The actual number of completed mills in the State, ascertained by reports from mill owners made to the Department of Agriculture, in 1882 was sixty-four.  These mills operate 2,858 looms and 156,030 spindles.  The cloths, bags and bagging woven are of excellent qualityand rank as leading standard goods on the markets.  The amount of capital invested in cotton factories in the State by other than native citizens is considerable.  Source: Historical and Descriptive Review of the State of North Carolina (Charleston, South Carolina: Empire Publishing Company, 1885), 26.

Hyland Park Cotton Mills, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1909

Photo Source: Library of Congress, "Panoramic Photographs," digital image, Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs ( : accessed 15 January 017), photographic print by Haines Photo Company.

Tobacco Industry

No State in the country excels North Carolina in the production of fine tobacco for cigarettes and plug manufacture.  The culture was formerly confined on a large scale to the northern tier of counties of the Piedmont section but of late years it has extended into the Coastal Plain and that section has become the largest tobacco producing part of the State.  The tobacco crop of North Carolina sells for money than that of any other State in the country because of its superior quality for smoking purposes.  Source: Thomas Donaldson, Eastern Band of Cherokees of North Carolina (Washington, D.C. : United States Census Printing Office, 1892), 87. 

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